EGYPTIAN BUST FROM AN ANTHROPOID SARCOPHAGUS LID, 664-343 B.C.

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Culture: Egyptian
Date: 664 – 343 B.C. (XXVIth – XXXth Dynasty)
Medium: Limestone
Condition: Intact, preserving the upper half of the lid.
Provenance: Ex- Collection of Alan Dershowitz and Carolyn Cohen, Cambridge, MA; Christie's New York, June 5, 1998; with Art Loss Register certificate.
Dimensions: 37 in. high (94 cm.)
Ref No.  EG1141

Description

The facial features are boldly carved in high relief and wearing a tripartite wig with long lappets and a false beard; eyes, eyebrows, and central vertical incised hieroglyphic column marked in black. The hieroglyphic text states: “A gift which the king gives to Osiris, the foremost of the westerners, the great god, lord of Abydos, in order that he may give…..”
Anthropoid stone sarcophagi contained the mummy, covered by body-cases of cartonnage or resting in an inner wooden anthropoid coffin. Some well preserved examples, as our example, suggest that facial details like eyelids, eyebrows and the eyebrow were accentuated in color. In the group of well-preserved sarcophagi, both uninscribed and inscribed examples can be found. The owners of Late Period limestone sarcophagi usually bear titles belonging to the higher rank of the administration, the military or the clergy.
Cf: For related examples see M.L. Buhl, The Late Egyptian Anthropoid Sarcophagi, Copenhagen, 1959, pp. 70-71, 76-82; figs 32, 38-39, 41-43; nos. Eb5, Eb10-11, Eb15, Eb17-18; Also Ny Calsberg Glyptotek AEIN 1039: O. Koefoed-Petersen, Catalogue des sarcophages et cercueils egyptiene, Copenhagen, 1951, p. 38, pl. LXXXVI; M. Jorgensen, Ny Calsberg Glyptotek Egypt III, Copenhagen, 2001, pp. 254-255, pl. 12.

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